Dalits have been historically discriminated against and marginalized caste group in the Hindu caste hierarchy. According to the 2011 census data, Dalits constitute about 13.2 percent of the total population of Nepal. They are still being socially and economically discriminated against. Despite the legal decree against caste based discrimination from 1963, tradition and taboo about “untouchability”.
The Feminist Dalit Organization (FEDO) was founded in 1994 by a group of conscious Dalit women working for Dalit women’s rights and their empowerment in different spheres. FEDO envisions and steers ahead the "movement against caste and gender discrimination so as to construct a just and equitable society". Since its inception, it has been able to cast significant impacts for improving the lives and representation of Dalit women in the state mechanism. FEDO is an issue-based organization currently working in 56 districts with 2,000 women’s groups, and approximately more than 50,000 Dalit women are directly benefited. FEDO takes a participatory approach to development and its programs assess the needs of the local communities in which it works in order to increase the community members' ownership of the project. Its programs provide Dalit women with the awareness and empowerment they require to improve their lives.